Metal detecting introduction. Metal detecting is not just a very interesting and fun hobby for young and old, but could also be profitable, with some finds even bringing life changing rewards.  You could also reach fame and be apart of very important discoveries of history. For decades detectorists of all ages have been searching fields, woodland and the beach and for many years to come there will be amazing discoveries of how life in ancient times were. Many artefacts have been uncovered which provides crucial and interesting insight in to past history.  Many of these finds are displayed in museums for many future generations to appreciate and would have been lost if not for deep seeking metal detectors. How does metal detecting contribute to Archaeology? Due to low funding, it is not always possible for archaelogists to discover all lost historical sites.  When someone uncovers any piece of history it provides clues to archaelogists of where to concentrate their excavations. Some finds provides clues and even missing pieces of a mysterious puzzle. What can you expect to find: Roman coins Medieval and ancient jewellery Hoards Coins of all kinds, hammered silver, gold ect. Gold nuggets Spearheads Rings World war relics Modern currency and tiny jewels Ancient roman statues Coffins, containing personal effects of value What levels of detectorists are there? 1. Beginners. When starting out in the hobby it may be easier to use a simple machine which is easy to set up.  If you are unsure if you will keep to the hobby, perhaps consider something in a low price range, but not too low, as price also equals quality.  A poor quality machine may cause frustration due to false signals, digging useless items and very little finds resulting in you giving up the hobby prematurely.  Practice your sweeping motion and speed of detecting, do not walk too fast.  Learning to do a set up and understanding the readings of your machine may be tricky at first, but it is not difficult and soon it will become second nature. 2. Experienced. Once you have learned the basics about your metal detector and metal detecting and feel confident that you wish to continue, you can try a more advanced machine with more complicated settings.  As you progress, greater finds will be discovered and digging of less trash items more common. 3. Professional or expert. Now you are top class.  You understand how to set the ground balance, discrimination settings, read the audiable and visual settings successfully and ready to try the more expensive top range metal detectors.  At this level the hobby is most enjoyable as you have gained all the knowledge. Some tips for beginners: 1. It is important to study the user manual for your specific model, as each detector has different settings.  Get to know the fuctions well before embarking on a trip out with it.  Two important settings are the Frequency and Sensitivity.  By adjusting these settings you can vary the amount of targets and depth at which you will find them. Reducing sensitivity helps in sites with high contamination.  If you are discovering few targets, try to increase the sensivity.  Working in segments by first removing undesireable targets and then going over the same field later may be a strategy worth incorporating in your regular search plan. 2. Annoying beeping sounds. This may be due to inference from different sources.  A few possibilities are: Powerlines Mobile phones Electric Fences GPS tracking devices 3.  Create a test area.  Bury some targets and see if you are able to detect them.  This could be useful to do prior to traveling out to a field or rally as a beginner. 4.  Be alert.  Being out in the nature is a relaxing experience.  It is still important to be on the look out for creepies and crawlies, even some wild animals which may be nesting somewhere. 3.  Respect the area where you search.  Once you dug a hole to uncover a target, rebury the hole.  Do not litter and take all your trash with you.  If a landowner has to clean up after you were on their fields, you may lose permission to be search on their land very soon.  5.  Dig carefully.  It may be useful to proceed with care.  Hitting and slamming the ground with a spade could damage a very important target and reduce its value dramatically. 6. Check your batteries.  Make sure your batteries are sufficient to last the length of time you will be out.  When in doubt, take some spares.  7.  Dont forget your headphones!  Working with headphones helps to hear all the faint signals.  Make sure they are packed.  8.  Check if the electronic box of your unit is weather proof, if not, do not use it in wet conditions or get dedicated covers for your specific brand to protect it. What about gold nugget hunting?    Australia is one of the most popular destinations.  Out in the deserts there is sometimes large pieces. Treasure hunters often spend months at a time camping in the dessert while gold prospecting.  Africa also has a lot of natural deposits and it is a popular destination for gold hunters. In the United States you can find it near creeks too.  What can you expect to dig up on the beach? Modern money Jewellery White and yellow gold rings Tip: Be sure that your metal detector is water proof before detecting in wet conditions. Where are the best places to make metal detecting finds on the beach? Most active areas where people lay their towels and set up umbrellas.  Holiday makers often lose rings and jewellery while sunbathing. If the beach is empty at the time you get there, look for footprints           and where there are the most dents in the sands. Areas where people practice sport like volleyball, soccer, frizby ect. Check where spectators are watching, they also often lose their belongings. Showers where people are rinsing off. While setting down items to enter the shower, they often gets lost. Car parks.  When people enter or exit their car, load their gear, very often things fall out and are left behind.   Good to know: There are a lot of pulltabs and other trash on the beach, but in time you will learn to read the signals and understand when to dig making your time more productive.  How to gain permission to search fields? There are websites who meet land owners with detectorists who wish to search fields.  You can also join social media groups or a local metal detecting club. Or you could simply get directly in contact with farmers in the areas where you want to search. What happens when you search on a landowners field? The landowner will allow you to freely search on their field with the agreement that all finds are declared and the profit from what is uncovered split.  The usual amount is 50 / 50. How do I find a metal detecting partner? Posting a request on social media or your local metal detecting club are your best options. You can meet many people by attending a rally too.  There are several rallies every year in many countries around the world. How does Nexus fit in to the whole picture? We cater for the most advanced users who seek the greatest depth and discrimination accuracy.  If you are looking for the most powerful and deepest metal detector, with the latest technology, you have made the right choice considering our current models. The company started in 2004, with the very first model named Nexus Standard.  It had the regular analogue meter with needle.  Air tests and underground tests confirmed excellent results.  There was an article and test report published in the Treasure Hunting which piqued interest of detectorists around the world and the first few users were so astonished by its ability to find targets deep, that is was named “the deepest metal detector in the world”.  Soon word spread and more people learned to appreciate how extraordinaryily deep you can find any metal target with it.  Nexus Standard was upgraded to Standard SE. We introduced some medium range and beginner machines too, Coronado and Groundfix.  The Ultima was developed with a large dual 20 inch search coil and later Ultima 5F with interchangeable frequencies.  Following that we introduced entry level models Bonanza and Credo. Fast forward to the current date, our current top model is Nexus Standard MP. Users have asked for something which can work very well in trashy or contaminated sites.  This is a serious problem for many, constant creation of false signals and beeping can drive anyone off a field where there may be something valuable hidden.  Nexus Standard MP deliveres top results in this department. What are some of the features professionals in the hobby look for: Advanced users often make a living out of their finds and it is important to have an optinum performer therefore the following criterias are always taken into consideration: Best for finding hammered silver and gold coins. Capable of finding and correctly identifying gold nuggets Best dicrimination, target seperation. Well balanced. Deepest metal detector Most powerful Easy to work on trashy, contaminated and highly mineralized soil Variety of search coils and frequencies How deep will a metal detector or locatoar go? The depth at which you will find a target in the ground or chance that you will discover it has many factors.  1.  Correct set up of the detector. 2.  Proper ground balancing.  3.  The type of coil, DD or concentric. 4.  The frequency the coil is tuned at. 5.  The soil condition, whether it is contaminated, mineralized ect. 6.  Whether the soil is wet or dry. 5.  The size of your metal detector’s search coil. 6.  Type, size and shape of the target. 7.  Position in which the target is located. Pinpointers or pin point probes. Even with a significant amount of research, reading through reviews and asking opinions, it is still difficult to reach a decision on what the best value for money,  pin point probe on the market today is today.  But the latest model may not be exactly the one for your personal needs. But first, what is the purpose of a pin point probe? It is to help you locate the exact position of the target which were indicated by your metal detector.  Having the ultimate machine to find those lost treasures is the first and most important step.  You can speed up your time on the field by pinpointing the target instead of digging endlessly through the dirt you unearthed. Your metal detector has a larger search coil which, depending on the coil size is valuable as a general screening device to locate the target. Once a non-ferrous signal has been indicated, now you need to zero in on that hammered silver, gold coin or other tiny object, a small, hand held unit is far easier to manipulate in or around the hole. The other valuable purpose for a pinpointer is to keep you from damaging your finds. They all have different quality, features and performance, from middle to top of the line, with a variety of shapes and sizes. It is necessary to decide where you will be using it.  If it is for search near or in water, choose a water resistant one. The following important feature to consider is target response you will receive from the unit.  Some just have an audio response, while others have an additonal vibration feature and or indicator light.
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  • Nexus Standard MKII out on the field.
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  • Nexus Standard MP. Extreme mineral power.
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Britain’s largest gold nugget                                     March 2018      
Vincent Thurkettle from Somerset, South West England is a dedicated treasure hunter and gold prospector who now holds the record of finding the largest gold nugget in the U.K, weighing 97.12 grams (3 oz). The find was made in 2012 near the shipwreck of the Royal Charter, off the coast of Anglesey, Northwest Wales, but kept a secret until recently to allow him to search the area thoroughly, undisturbed. At age 16 Vincent left school and trained as a Chartered Forester, following his studies worked for the Forestry Commission. He had a keen interest in treasurehunting, also wanted to write a book and in 2005, after filling the position of Deputy Director, decided to retire from his job to pursue his dreams, which he both fullfilled by making several very valuable finds and writing a book named The Wood Fire Handbook. He describes his passion for treasurehunting: “Every little speck  of gold I’ve found around the world has been a thrill – the campfires I’ve sat around, the people I’ve met, the places. For me it is genuinely the adventure and lifestyle rather than the desire." The Royal Charter was a robust, speedy iron-hulled steam clipper built in 1855.  Ideal for the challenging Liverpool- Australia route, often plagued by devastating storms. In 1851 a discovery of gold in Victoria resulted in a gold rush and many people were travelling to and from Britain to Australia and often passangers returned with their finds. During a return trip to Liverpool in 1959 there was a cargo of 79 000 ounces of gold, which was insured for an estimated £120 million according to today's value,  plus more by miner passengers.  The ship encountered a violent storm off the coast of Anglesey near the village of Moelfre. The captain thought it feasible to drop anchor in Moelfre Bay, lowered the sails and shut down the engines with hope that northerly winds would drive the ship  towards North Wales. This  decision proved to be fateful as the ship ended up assaulted by the roughest part of the storm, the ancor chain  
broke and finally the ship crashed onto rocks, broke apart and sank. Only 39 people from the 450 passanger made it ashore. The owners of the ship and insurance underwriters embarked on a salvage operation to try to recover as much as they could of the valuable cargo, this continued for years and after 80% was recovered, it  was officially declared concluded.  Following this treasure hunters started searching the area and throughout the years discovered more of the lost gold. Anything found close to a shipwreck are reported to the Receiver of Wreck. They do research to establish who the owner may be and then determine where it should go.  If a year goes by with no avail to determine ownership, any such finds are claimed by the crown, but by law the finder is entitled to a finder's fee.  Vincent’s find is valued at £50 000.  The value is determined not only by the gold material, but also the original shape and history. It is expected to be put on display in a museum. The second largest gold nuggest found in Britain is the Carnon Nugget, which weighs 59g and was found in Cornwall in 1808 and the Rutherford Nugget, found in Scotland in 1869, 57.9g  holds the 3rd place.
Vincent, pictured at the coast of Anglesey, where he discovered the largest gold nugget ever found in the U.K.  
The gold nugget contains granite pieces.
Recreation of the Royal Charter on the fateful day.
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